|SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD DECISION DOCUMENT|
|WERTHEIM SCHRODER & CO., INCORPORATED AND GATEWAY WESTERN RAILWAY COMPANY--CONTINUANCE IN CONTROL EXEMPTION--GATEWAY EASTERN RAILWAY COMPANY|
|DENIED UTU'S PETITION TO REOPEN A 7/6/95 DECISION AND TO REVOKE THE CONTINUANCE IN CONTROL EXEMPTION.|
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|Full Text of Decision|
SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD(1)
Finance Docket No. 32306
WERTHEIM SCHRODER & CO., INCORPORATED AND GATEWAY
WESTERN RAILWAY COMPANY--CONTINUANCE IN CONTROL
EXEMPTION--GATEWAY EASTERN RAILWAY COMPANY
Decided: December 11, 1997
Gateway Western Railway Corporation (Gateway Western), Gateway Management
Partners, L.P. (Partners), McCarren Corporation (Corporation), and Mr. J. Reilly McCarren
(McCarren) (jointly referred to as petitioners) on June 3, 1993, filed a petition for exemption
under 49 U.S.C. 10505 from the prior approval requirements of 49 U.S.C. 11343-45 to permit
them to continue in control of Gateway Eastern Railway Corporation (Gateway Eastern) upon its
becoming a rail carrier.(2) The control petition was related to notices of exemption that were filed
about the same time in three other proceedings, Finance Docket Nos. 32304, 32307, and 32454.(3)
Patrick W. Simmons, Illinois Legislative Director for United Transportation Union (IL-UTU),
filed a timely protest to the control petition. IL-UTU contended that WSI personnel also serve as
officers and directors of other carriers and requested that the application of 49 CFR 1185.1, the
class exemption from the prior approval requirements of 49 U.S.C. 11322(a) for interlocking
directorates, Exemption--Certain Interlocking Directorates, 5 I.C.C.2d 7 (1988) (Interlocking
Directorates), aff'd sub nom. United Transp. Union v. ICC, 891 F.2d 908 (D.C. Cir. 1989), cert.
denied, 497 U.S. 1024 (1990),(4) be revoked in connection with the control petition unless WSI
voluntarily revealed which of its personnel are officers and directors of other transportation
In a decision served July 6, 1995, the ICC determined that IL-UTU was objecting only to
a failure to disclose that certain persons affiliated with WSI also served as officers and directors
of other carriers. The ICC rejected IL-UTU's protest as a collateral attack on Interlocking
Directorates and granted the control exemption subject to the conditions for the protection of
employees set forth in New York Dock Ry.--Control--Brooklyn Eastern Dist., 360 I.C.C. 60
(1979) (New York Dock). In the same decision, it also denied the appeals and petitions to
revoke, vacate, and stay that were filed by IL-UTU and others in Finance Docket Nos. 32304,
32307, and 32454.
IL-UTU has filed a petition to reopen the July 6 decision to the extent it granted the
control exemption. IL-UTU contends that the ICC mischaracterized its protest and committed
material error; it requests that the application of the interlocking directorates exemption be
revoked and the record be reopened to require WSI to disclose all the relationships its officers
and directors have with other transportation companies. Essentially, IL-UTU asserts that
McCarren purchased Gateway Western and questions whether this was possible without
obligations to others. Thus, it argues that WSI's restructured interest in Gateway Western, as a
nonvoting, limited partner, is not dispositive of control. IL-UTU also questions the omission of
any reference in the substitution petition to Gateway Western's preferred stock. As an alternative
basis for reopening, IL-UTU contends that additional financial information is needed in view of
rail labor's challenges to the control of Gateway Western in other proceedings. Specifically, IL-UTU seeks information concerning the common and preferred stock interests, debt arrangements,
and partnership agreements pertinent to the related financial arrangements of Partners,
Corporation, McCarren, Gateway Western, WSI, and Acquisition, and it requests that our Office
of Compliance and Enforcement be directed to participate in developing the record.
We will deny IL-UTU's petition to reopen and revoke. Under 49 CFR 1115.3, a
discretionary appeal will be granted only upon a showing that the prior action will be materially
affected because of new evidence or changed circumstances or that the prior action involves
material error. IL-UTU has not shown that reopening and revocation of the ICC's July 6
decision is warranted under these standards.
In Interlocking Directorates, the ICC concluded that there was no longer a valid basis for
requiring the prior approval of interlocking directorates that did not involve Class I railroads.
Generally, it found that existing relationships between carriers are not affected by interlocking
directorates; that there is no reason to believe that any public or private interests would be
harmed where carriers themselves desire a specific individual's service as an officer or director;
that interlocking directors or officers who failed to act in the best interest of the railroad being
served, in violation of their fiduciary duties, would be personally liable to the company and its
shareholders for their conduct; and that, in view of the relatively small size of Class II and III
railroads and the overall competition in transportation industry, the impact of such linkages
would be insubstantial and unlikely to result in the domination of a carrier contrary to its own or
a shipper's best interest. The ICC stated that other statutory restraints as well as its own
revocation power were adequate to deal with unusual transactions involving an interlocking
directorate that is anticompetitive or otherwise adversely affects the national transportation
policy of 49 U.S.C. 10101a. Interlocking Directorates, 5 I.C.C.2d at 12-13.
IL-UTU has failed to establish material error in, much less any likelihood of injury
growing out of, the control exemption granted in the ICC's July 6 decision. Essentially, it
observes that WSI officers and directors also serve as officers and directors of other railroads and
suggests that WSI may be in some position of control with Gateway Western. IL-UTU offers no
credible support for its skepticism that McCarren could have purchased Gateway Western
without being obligated to others. Petitioners, on the other hand, do not deny that McCarren
purchased Gateway Western but categorically deny that WSI controls Gateway Western or
Gateway Eastern. They maintain that control of Gateway Western passed from WSI to several
other entities ultimately controlled by McCarren, that individuals associated with WSI no longer
sit on Gateway Western's board of directors, and that WSI has no voting power with respect to
the selection of board members or any other aspect of Gateway Western's affairs. In view of
petitioners' denial and the lack of any credible evidence to the contrary, we can find no basis to
the claim of material error in the ICC's July 6 decision or justification to permit IL-UTU to
obtain the information it seeks.
Moreover, even if IL-UTU had presented credible evidence to suggest that WSI was in a
position of control with respect to Gateway Western, this would not, in and of itself, establish a
basis for revocation or for reopening the record. Indeed, there is nothing here that suggests, nor
has IL-UTU even argued, that the control exemption was unusual so as to involve an interlocking
directorate that was anticompetitive or that would adversely affect the national transportation
policy of 49 U.S.C. 10101a.
Finally, in terms of injury, IL-UTU has not alleged, and in view of the ICC's imposition
of the New York Dock conditions, it is not apparent how there could be, a likelihood of injury to
rail employees as a result of the grant of the control exemption.(5) Moreover, we find it unlikely
that rail employees will be adversely affected in the future in view of the acquisition of Gateway
Western and Gateway Eastern that was authorized by the Board in Kansas City Southern
Industries, Inc., KCS Transportation Company, and the Kansas City Southern Railway
Company--Control--Gateway Western Railway Company and Gateway Eastern Railway
Company, STB Finance Docket No. 33311 (STB served May 1, 1997).
This decision will not significantly affect the quality of the human environment or the
conservation of energy resources.
It is ordered:
1. The petition to reopen and revoke is denied.
2. This decision is effective on the date of service.
By the Board, Chairman Morgan and Vice Chairman Owen.
Vernon A. Williams
1. The ICC Termination Act of 1995, Pub. L. No. 104-88, 109 Stat. 803 (1995) (ICCTA), enacted December 29, 1995, and effective January 1, 1996, abolished the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) and transferred certain functions and proceedings to the Surface Transportation Board (Board). Section 204(b)(1) of ICCTA provides, in general, that proceedings pending before the ICC on the effective date of that legislation shall be decided under the law in effect prior to January 1, 1996, insofar as they involve functions retained by ICCTA. This decision relates to a proceeding that was pending with the ICC prior to January 1, 1996, and to functions that are subject to Board jurisdiction pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 10502, 11323, and 11328. Therefore, this decision applies the law in effect prior to the ICCTA, and citations are to the former sections of the statute, unless otherwise indicated.
2. Originally, the petition for exemption was filed jointly by Gateway Western and Wertheim Schroder & Co., Incorporated (WSI), an investment company and the noncarrier parent of both Gateway Western and Gateway Eastern. The petition stated that WSI and an affiliate owned 100% of Gateway Western's preferred stock and 85% of its outstanding common stock. In 1994, Gateway Western was acquired by Partners, and a joint petition for leave to substitute as parties for WSI was filed subsequently by petitioners. The petition for leave to substitute stated that Partners owns 99.9% of Gateway Western's stock; Corporation manages and operates Partners as the sole general partner; and McCarren is the sole shareholder of Corporation and president as well as a director of Gateway Western. Additionally, it stated that WSI; McCarren; Thomas King, Gateway Western's vice president and chief financial officer; Paul Fetterman, Gateway Western's vice president and chief engineer; and GWRR Acquisition Company, L.P. (Acquisition) are non-voting, limited partners in Partners, and that Partners, Corporation, and McCarren control no other carriers.
3. In Gateway Eastern Railway Company--Acquisition and Operation Exemption--Lines of Consolidated Rail Corporation, Finance Docket No. 32304 (ICC served and published July 2, 1993, at 58 FR 35,977), Gateway Eastern, a noncarrier subsidiary of Gateway Western, filed a notice of exemption to acquire from Consolidated Rail Corporation (Conrail) and operate as a Class III rail carrier, the 14.79-mile East Alton line and a 1.9-mile line extending from the Mississippi River to Conrail's Rose Lake Yard. To operate the East Alton line (which was physically isolated from the rest of Conrail's system) from the Rose Lake Yard, Gateway Eastern also assumed Conrail's trackage rights over the Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis. In Gateway Western Railway Company--Trackage Rights Exemption--Gateway Eastern Railway Company, Finance Docket No. 32307 (ICC served and published June 25, 1993, at 58 FR 34,481) and Gateway Eastern Railway Company--Trackage Rights Exemption--Gateway Western Railway Company and SPCSL Corp., Finance Docket No. 32454 (ICC served and published Feb. 9, 1994, at 59 FR 6,045), respectively, Gateway Eastern acquired trackage rights over Gateway Western's main line southward from the southern terminus of the East Alton line, and Gateway Western acquired trackage rights over a portion of the 1.9-mile line Gateway Eastern acquired from Conrail. Along with the decision in Gateway Western Railway Company--Construction Exemption--St. Clair County, IL, Finance Docket No. 32158 et al. (ICC served Nov. 28, 1994), which granted Gateway Western an exemption to construct a connection to Conrail's 1.9-mile line into Rose Lake Yard, these proceedings effectively gave Gateway Western direct connections to Conrail via its Rose Lake Yard and to CSXT Transportation, Inc., via its Cone Yard.
4. The prior approval requirement for individuals seeking to be officers and/or directors of Class III railroads, exclusively, was removed by ICCTA. See 49 U.S.C. 11328. Revised regulations to implement the statutory change were adopted at 49 CFR 1185.1(b). Revision of Regulations for Interlocking Rail Officers, Ex Parte No. 543 (STB served Jan. 15, 1997).
5. We note that the D.C. Circuit, in United Transp. Union v. I.C.C., 891 F.2d 908, 913 (D.C. Cir. 1989), has already found the prospect that a rail union would be harmed by anticompetitive impacts of interlocking directorates involving Class II and III rail carriers too speculative to confer judicial standing.